UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
In 1992 in Rio-de-Janeiro at the Conference on the Environment and Development the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was signed. The Convention was a result of the acknowledgement that climate problems do exist and have to be tackled. The Convention became effective on 21 March 1994 and has been ratified in more than 150 countries of the world.
According to Article 2, the final target of the UNFCCC is to ensure stabilization of anthropogenic GHG emissions at a level which will slow impact on the climate system to a rate that is sufficiently slow for ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change. This would eliminate the threat of food supply, shortages and ensure sustained economic development in the future.
Restoring the balance in the atmosphere which has been disturbed is the ultimate target of the Convention. It is evident that climate changes is a problem, global in all respects.
First, the anthropogenic disturbance of the climate system is global, and its effects will have an impact on every country and every person. Second, every country and every individual person is involved in this process. This means that both the causes and the effects involove everyone.
Second, every country and every individual person is involved in this process. This means that both the causes and the effects involove everyone.
Finally, the problem has to be solved by the whole world. It will require global efforts and global coordination.
Basic provisions of the Framework Convention on Climate Change
So, The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change has provided a general outline of the existing problem. However the conditions necessary for implementation of the FCCC decisions were defined five years later, at the Conference in Kyoto.
The Republic of Kazakhstan signed the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. The Convention was ratified on 15 May 1995 by the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, N.A. Nazarbaev. The document on ratification was handed over to the chief depositary - the UN General Secretary.